# How do I check if a value is a valid ISBN-13 number in Python?Ava Wconst t="undefined"!=typeof HTMLImageElement&&"loading"in HTMLImageElement.prototype;if(t){const t=document.querySelectorAll("img[data-main-image]");for(let e of t){e.dataset.src&&(e.setAttribute("src",e.dataset.src),e.removeAttribute("data-src")),e.dataset.srcset&&(e.setAttribute("srcset",e.dataset.srcset),e.removeAttribute("data-srcset"));const t=e.parentNode.querySelectorAll("source[data-srcset]");for(let e of t)e.setAttribute("srcset",e.dataset.srcset),e.removeAttribute("data-srcset");e.complete&&(e.style.opacity=1,e.parentNode.parentNode.querySelector("[data-placeholder-image]").style.opacity=0)}}

To check if a value is a valid ISBN-13 number in Python, you can follow these steps: 1. Remove non-digit characters: - Start by removing any non-digit characters from the value using the`re.sub()` function. - This step ensures that only the digits remain for the subsequent validation. - Example:

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import re

def clean_isbn(value):
return re.sub(r"\D", "", value)
``````

2. Validate the length: - Check if the cleaned value has a length of 13 digits. - If the length is not 13, the value cannot be a valid ISBN-13 number. - Example:

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def has_valid_length(value):
return len(value) == 13
``````

3. Calculate the check digit: - Multiply each digit of the first 12 digits alternately by 1 and 3. - Sum up the results of these multiplications. - Subtract the sum from the nearest multiple of 10, and the result will be the check digit. - Example:

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def calculate_check_digit(value):
digits = list(map(int, value))
check_digit = (10 - sum(digits[:12:2]) - sum(digits[1:12:2] * 3)) % 10
return str(check_digit)
``````

4. Validate the check digit: - Extract the last digit of the cleaned value as the actual check digit. - Calculate the check digit using the first 12 digits. - If the calculated check digit matches the actual check digit, the value is a valid ISBN-13 number. - Example:

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def has_valid_check_digit(value):
actual_check_digit = value[-1]
calculated_check_digit = calculate_check_digit(value[:-1])
return actual_check_digit == calculated_check_digit
``````

5. Validate the ISBN-13: - Combine the previous validation steps to check if the value is a valid ISBN-13 number. - Example:

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def is_valid_isbn_13(value):
cleaned_value = clean_isbn(value)
return has_valid_length(cleaned_value) and has_valid_check_digit(cleaned_value)
``````

6. Use the function: - Call the`is_valid_isbn_13()` function and pass the value you want to check as an argument. - It will return`True` if the value is a valid ISBN-13 number, and`False` otherwise. - Example:

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isbn = "978-3-16-148410-0"
if is_valid_isbn_13(isbn):
print("Valid ISBN-13")
else:
print("Invalid ISBN-13")
``````

By following these steps, you can efficiently check if a value is a valid ISBN-13 number in Python. This approach involves cleaning the value, validating its length, calculating and validating the check digit, and combining these validations to determine the validity of the ISBN-13 number.