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In Python, you can generate random numbers using the`random` module. Here's a detailed explanation of some commonly used functions for generating random numbers: 1. Using the`random()` function: The`random()` function returns a random floating-point number between 0 and 1 (exclusive).

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import random

random_number = random.random()

print(random_number)  # Output: A random float between 0 and 1
``````

2. Using the`randint()` function: The`randint(a, b)` function returns a random integer between`a` and`b` (inclusive).

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import random

random_number = random.randint(1, 10)

print(random_number)  # Output: A random integer between 1 and 10
``````

3. Using the`randrange()` function: The`randrange(start, stop, step)` function returns a random element from the range created by the arguments. It allows you to specify the starting point, ending point, and step size.

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import random

random_number = random.randrange(1, 10, 2)

print(random_number)  # Output: A random odd number between 1 and 9
``````

4. Using the`uniform()` function: The`uniform(a, b)` function returns a random floating-point number between`a` and`b` (inclusive).

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import random

random_number = random.uniform(1, 5)

print(random_number)  # Output: A random float between 1 and 5
``````

5. Using the`choice()` function: The`choice(sequence)` function returns a randomly selected element from a non-empty sequence.

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import random

my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
random_element = random.choice(my_list)

print(random_element)  # Output: A random element from the list
``````

These are some of the commonly used functions to generate random numbers in Python. Choose the function that best suits your needs based on the desired range, type of number, or source sequence. Remember to import the`random` module before using these functions.